Thanks to its high alpha content and moderate cohumulone oil content, Chinook delivers potent, smooth bitterness. The flavor and aroma are filled with pine and spice notes with a subtle grapefruit character.
Developed by the USDA breeding program and released in 1985 as a high-alpha variety, Chinook eventually found traction among craft brewers as a unique aroma and flavor hop. Its ancestry includes Petham Golding and USDA 63012.
The character is strongly tropical and lush with a host of fruit flavors including peach, passionfruit, guava, lychee, lime and gooseberry. Because of its distinctive and intense aromatics, Citra is best in a late addition or dry hop capacity. Used as a single variety or in a blend, Citra does well in American wheat beers, pale ales, IPAs Belgian-style ales, and has been known to complement Brettanomyces. Citra is a relatively new variety, developed by the Hop Breeding Company of Yakima from Hallertau Mittelfrüh, Tettnang, Brewers Gold, and East Kent Golding parentage.
Mosaic hops are often described as being similar to Citra but with greater intensity. They have a high alpha acid with a highly desirable oil profile making it great for use as a finishing hop. It has a fruity, exotic bouquet that lends itself to American-style IPA's, saisons, wheat beers and Brettanomyces-fermented beers. It has strong impressions of citrus oil, balsam pine, blueberry and tropical fruit with notes of mango, lime and mandarin orange. It was released in 2012 and is a daughter of Simcoe and a Nugget-derived male.
El Dorado® is a unique, dual-purpose hop with exceptional aroma qualities and high alpha acid levels. This new variety produces intense fruity, tropical flavors and is quickly growing as a popular choice for hop-forward styles or beers with complex flavor profiles. Tasting notes commonly specify aromas of watermelon, pear, candy, or stone fruit. There is often an undertone of citrus and sometimes an identifiable fresh-cut-grass taste.
This variety was grown in The Moxee Valley, a sub-growing district of the northern Yakima Valley which has a slightly cooler climate. Due to its cooler temperatures, outstanding aroma crops are grown there.
Columbus hops have a pungent aroma and flavor characterized by black pepper, licorice and citrus overtones. It imparts a clean bitterness and is an excellent choice for bitter ales and American IPA's. Columbus hops are an ideal dual-purpose hop due to it's assertive, clean bitterness and its pleasingly intense aroma.
This variety is often identified by other names which are collectively called CTZ which stands for Columbus, Tomahawk and Zeus. The Tomahawk variety is genetically the same and the Zeus variety is so similar that they are generally regarded as the same for practical purposes. The naming confusion is a result of copyright and patent issues encountered by those who developed this hop variety.